Cost and Setup Process for EV Charging Stations in India

Cost and Setup Process for EV Charging Stations in India

Discover the cost and setup process for EV charging stations in India. Learn how to electrify your journey affordably and efficiently!
April 4, 2024

Have you ever considered opening your own cafe, spa, or even franchising a fast-food company? How about taking a more eco-friendly approach by setting up an EV charging station?

But what if it’s a bit of a strain on the pocket!  Let's explore the EV Charging station costs and setup processes.

This article will help you understand the process and give you ideas on how to attract EV drivers to your station!

Start your journey towards owning an EV charging station today!


“The world is now in the middle of a new Mobility Revolution” says Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi.

According to KPMG, By 2030, analysts forecast that the country will be home to 102 million EVs with 2.9 million public charging stations needed to accommodate the growing EV adoption. This increasing number of public charging stations is expected to be driven by a range of players, such as pure-play charge point operators, oil marketing companies, utilities and EV fleet operators.

Before jumping into the EV Charging station costs, let us have a look at the EV Charging station industry. It is important to know about the market and its importance before investing in it. 

The Importance of EV charging stations in India's growing electric vehicle market

In India's rapidly expanding electric vehicle (EV) market, the importance of EV charging stations cannot be overstated. As more people embrace EVs for their eco-friendly and cost-effective needs, the need for a robust charging infrastructure becomes important. 

This surge in EV adoption underscores the crucial role of charging stations in supporting the growing fleet of electric vehicles.

EV charging stations are not just about providing a place to charge vehicles; they are also essential for promoting EV adoption by increasing the range anxiety among drivers. They also contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. To keep pace with this competitive market, India must continue to invest in and expand its EV charging infrastructure, ensuring convenient access for all EV owners.

The various costs and considerations involved in setting up an EV charging station

Now that we have an idea about the importance of EV charging stations and the impact that has been creating in the EV industry, let's have a brief look at the importance of permits and choosing a location for setting up the EV Charging station.

Choosing the right location and navigating through the permit process can be daunting. Pulse Energy's comprehensive management systems not only assist in operational aspects but also provide insights into strategic location planning to maximize your station's potential and profitability.

Choosing a Location and Obtaining Necessary Permits

ev charging stations cost
Choosing a Location and Obtaining Necessary Permits

Selecting the right location is crucial for the success of an EV charging station. You can consider proximity to major roads, parking availability, and accessibility for EV drivers. High-traffic areas like shopping centers, airports, and business districts are ideal. Conduct your own research study to assess demand and competition. Make sure the location has sufficient space for future expansion and meets regulatory requirements.

Guidelines for selecting strategic locations for EV charging stations

It is important to know the guidelines for selecting a particular location which can be mutually beneficial to both the EV drivers as well as the Charge point operators or the EV Fleet Operators.

  • Choose locations with high visibility and accessibility, such as shopping malls, airports, highways or even busy streets. 
  • Consider proximity to major roads and highways to cater to long-distance travelers.
  • Analyze existing EV infrastructure to identify gaps and opportunities for expansion.
  • Collaborate with local authorities, businesses, and utilities to leverage existing resources. 
  • Conduct surveys and gather feedback from EV users to understand preferences and needs.
  • Ensure selected locations comply with zoning laws, building codes, and environmental regulations.
  • Plan for future expansion and scalability to meet growing demand.

Process of obtaining the necessary permits and adhering to government policies

As per the infrastructure regulation released by the Government of India, there should be EV charging stations every 3 Km in cities and every 25 km on both sides of the road. Further, there should be EV charging stations every 100 kilometers on highways. 

  1. Site Selection: Identify a suitable location based on factors like visibility, accessibility, and proximity to power supply.
  2. Obtain Necessary Permits: Obtain permits from relevant authorities, like DISCOM, who provide permits to install distribution systems to get an electricity connection for your charging station.
    However, there is no particular license to start electric vehicle stations, but charging station owners need EV-specific electricity connections. For that, they need to have proper documentation and license.
  3. Installation of Equipment: Install the charging equipment, including the charger, connectors, and any necessary infrastructure upgrades.
  4. Network Connection: Establish a network connection for remote monitoring and management of the charging station and make sure to have constant power supply and network availability.
  5. Testing and Commissioning: Conduct testing to ensure the charging station is operational and compliant with safety standards.
  6. Launch and Promotion and Fee: Launch the charging station and promote it to attract EV users. Set a standard fee according to the operating cost, other expenses, and profit in the charging fees.
  7. Maintenance and Monitoring: Regularly maintain and monitor the charging station to ensure its smooth operation.

Okay, now that we've got location and permits out of the way, let's dive into the nuts and bolts of actually getting those chargers up and running!

Installing Charging Equipment

Installing charging equipment for EVs involves several key steps to ensure effective operation. Right from choosing the appropriate charger mix based on the location and expected demand, considering factors such as CHAdeMO for fast charging, European CCS for compatibility with European vehicles, and Bharat AC/DC standards for Indian-specific requirements.

It is also important to understand the installation process and infrastructure needs, including site assessment, infrastructure requirements, and following manufacturer guidelines for installation. 

Choosing the suitable charger mix: CHAdeMO, European CCS, Bharat AC/DC standards

  • CHAdeMO(CHArge de MOve): This standard is commonly used for fast charging and is supported by many electric vehicle manufacturers, especially from Japan. 
  • European CCS: Europe widely adopts the Combined Charging System (CCS) that supports both AC and DC charging.
  • Bharat AC/DC Standards: These are India-specific standards developed by the Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) for AC and DC charging.

Understanding the Installation Process and Infrastructure Requirements

  • Site Assessment: Evaluate the location for suitable space, accessibility, and power availability. Make sure to research your location and then set up the station.
  • Infrastructure Needs: Ensure the site has the necessary electrical infrastructure to support the chargers. Constant power supply and availability of networks are very important.
  • Installation Steps: Follow manufacturer guidelines for installing the chargers and connecting them to the power supply. 

Ongoing testing and maintenance for efficient operation

  • Regular Testing: Conduct regular tests to ensure the chargers are functioning properly and are compliant with safety standards.
  • Maintenance Schedule: Implement a maintenance schedule to address issues promptly and keep the chargers operational.
  • Monitoring: Use remote monitoring systems to track the performance of the chargers and address any issues remotely.

With our charging gear in place, it's time to talk numbers. Ready to crunch some costs?

Read about the 10 Things to Know About Setting Up an EV Charger Hub in India

Cost Breakdown

EV Charging Station Cost Breakdown

EV Charging Station Cost Breakdown

Cost/Consideration Description Cost/Fact
Equipment Includes charging stations, cables, and connectors. ₹1.5 lakh to ₹5 lakh per unit
Installation Costs for site preparation, electrical work, and installation of charging infrastructure. ₹50,000 to ₹2 lakh per unit
Network Connection Required for remote monitoring and management of charging stations. ₹20,000 to ₹50,000 per unit
Permitting and Compliance Costs associated with obtaining necessary permits and complying with regulations. Varies based on location
Land/Real Estate Cost of purchasing or leasing land for the charging station. Varies based on location
Operation and Maintenance Regular maintenance, repairs, and operational costs. ₹10,000 to ₹20,000 per month
Charging Tariffs Cost of electricity per unit for charging EVs. As per local electricity rates
Marketing and Promotion Costs for promoting the charging station to attract users. Varies based on strategy
Additional Services Optional services like parking, Wi-Fi, and convenience stores. Varies based on services

Equipment and Installation Costs for Different Levels of Charging Stations:

  1. Level 1 (AC Charging): Cost-effective but slow charging using a standard electrical outlet. Equipment cost: ₹10,000 - ₹20,000.
  2. Level 2 (AC Charging): Faster charging using a dedicated charging unit. Equipment cost: ₹50,000 - ₹1,00,000.
  3. DC Fast Charging: Rapid charging for quick turnaround times. Equipment cost: ₹2,00,000 - ₹5,00,000.

Note- Sometimes the prices may vary according to the regional operational and other costs, Although, the above price mentions the approximate range of costing for EV Charging station setups. 

Types of Charging Stations and Their Costs

There are four common types of charging stations seen across India and these are generally used by most EV drivers on the road. Although, the cost completely depends on the location, installation complexity, and additional features. These are the approximate prices based on the Indian EV market.

EV Charging Station Types

EV Charging Station Types

Charging Station Type Power Output Charging Time Cost Range (INR)
AC Level 1 3.3 kW 6-8 hours ₹5,000 - ₹15,000
AC Level 2 3.3 - 22 kW 2-6 hours ₹20,000 - ₹50,000
DC Fast Charging 50 - 150 kW 30-60 minutes ₹1,00,000 - ₹3,00,000
Battery Swapping N/A 2-5 minutes ₹50,000 - ₹1,00,000

CHAdeMO, European CCS, Bharat AC/DC standards and their compatible vehicles

  1. CHAdeMO and European CCS charging standards cater to various four-wheeler models, offering charging speeds up to 50 kW and 350 kW, respectively, using Type 4 and Type 2 (AC) / Combo 2 (DC) connectors. Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Kia Soul EV, Toyota Prius Prime, Honda Clarity Electric are a few to name. 
  2. Bharat AC charging standard supports both four-wheelers (Tata Nexon EV, Tata Tigor EV, Mahindra eVerito, Mahindra e2o Plus, Hyundai Kona Electric, MG ZS EV, Tata Altroz EV) and two-wheelers (Ather 450X, Bajaj Chetak Electric, TVS iQube Electric, Hero Electric Optima, Hero Electric Photon), providing charging speeds up to 22 kW using the IEC 60309 connector.
  3. Bharat DC charging standard is compatible with four-wheelers (MG ZS EV, Hyundai Kona Electric, Audi e-tron, Jaguar I-PACE, Mercedes-Benz EQC) and two-wheelers (Revolt RV400, Okinawa iPraise, Ampere Magnus Pro), offering charging speeds up to 100 kW using the GB/T connector.

Comparison between AC Charging Stations, DC Charging Stations, and Battery Swapping Stations

The table below shows a brief comparison of AC, DC and Battery swapping stations in India and how it has several benefits for each of the EV drivers.

EV Charging Station Comparison

EV Charging Station Comparison

Feature AC Charging Stations DC Charging Stations Battery Swapping Stations
Current Type Alternating Current (AC) Direct Current (DC) Not Applicable
Charging Speed Slow (3-8 hours) Fast (30-90 minutes) Fastest (2-5 minutes)
Typical Use Case Home and workplace charging Public charging and long-distance travel Commercial EV fleets
Installation and Operational Costs Lower Higher High (requires battery inventory and logistics)
Compatibility Most EVs with onboard chargers EVs with DC fast-charging capability Requires standardized battery designs
Infrastructure Requirements Minimal Extensive (high-power grid connection) Network of swapping stations and battery supply
Suitable Charging Patterns Overnight or long-duration charging Quick top-ups and long-distance travel Instant "recharging" for continuous operation
Upfront Cost for EV Users Included in vehicle price Included in vehicle price Lower (batteries can be leased or rented)
Operational Complexity Low Moderate High (battery management and logistics)

Cost implications of each type of charging station

AC charging stations offer the most affordable installation and operational costs. DC charging stations provide faster charging but incur higher expenses due to high-power grid connections and advanced equipment. Battery swapping stations require substantial initial investment in battery inventory and swapping infrastructure, leading to high upfront costs. However, they present lower upfront costs for EV users, as they can lease or rent batteries. The specific requirements and budget constraints of the EV ecosystem ultimately determine the choice of charging station type.

Read about the Top EV Charging Station Companies in India

Revenue Models and Government Incentives

India's growing EV market demands more charging infrastructure. Operators explore revenue models for sustainability and expansion, while the government supports the sector through incentives. The table below helps you understand the different revenue schemes/models and government incentives.

EV Charging Station Revenue Models

EV Charging Station Revenue Models

Revenue Model Description
Charging Fees - Users pay per kWh, ranging from ₹10-15/kWh
Subscriptions - Monthly or annual plans for frequent users
Partnerships - Collaborations with car manufacturers, fleet operators, and businesses
- Provides a steady revenue stream
Advertising - Displaying ads on charging stations and mobile apps
- Generates additional income
Diversification - Combining multiple revenue streams for financial stability and network expansion

Exploration of different revenue models: charging fees, subscriptions, partnerships, advertising

It is crucial to understand different revenue models provided by the Government of India in the FAME Scheme, in order to have a better reach on charging fee, subscriptions and plans.

  • Charging fees: Users pay per kWh or per charging session, providing a straightforward revenue stream based on actual usage. Fees can be adjusted based on factors like charging speed and location.
  • Subscriptions: Monthly or annual plans offer unlimited or discounted charging for frequent users, ensuring a steady income for operators. Subscriptions can be tiered based on usage levels or charging speeds.
  • Partnerships: Collaborating with car manufacturers, fleet operators, or businesses can provide a reliable revenue source. Partners may subsidize charging costs for their customers or employees, increasing station utilization.
  • Advertising: Displaying ads on charging stations and mobile apps can generate additional income. Advertisers may target EV owners as a specific demographic, making charging stations an attractive advertising platform.

Government initiatives and subsidies: FAME India scheme, state government incentives

FAME India Scheme: The FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles) India Scheme, launched by the government, offers incentives for EV purchases and charging infrastructure. It provides subsidies up to ₹10,000 per kWh for EV batteries and up to ₹6,000 per charging station, making EVs more affordable.

State Government Incentives: State governments in India offer various incentives to promote EV adoption. These include subsidies on land for charging stations, reduced electricity tariffs, and waived registration fees for EVs. 

For example, Delhi provides a subsidy of ₹6,000 per charging point, Maharashtra offers a 25% subsidy on the cost of charging stations, and Karnataka offers a capital subsidy of 25% on the cost of equipment and machinery for EV charging stations.

Calculating potential revenue and understanding the market demand

To calculate potential revenue, EV charging station operators analyze EV adoption rates, traffic patterns, and user behavior. They estimate the number of daily charging sessions and average energy consumed per session. 

For example, a DC fast charger with a 30% utilization rate, charging at ₹15/kWh, can generate around ₹3,000 per day. 

Operators also study market demand to identify high-potential locations, considering factors like EV density, driving patterns, and nearby amenities to maximize revenue generation and ensure optimal network expansion.

Factors Influencing Setup Costs and Operational Expenses

To set up an EV Charging station in India, there are several operational expenses and overhead costs which could be certain factors affecting the setup. 

Here's the list of factors affecting the cost of setting up an EV charging station:

  1. Type of charging station:
    • AC charging (slow)
    • DC charging (fast)
    • Battery swapping
  2. Capacity of the charging station:
    • Charging power (kW)
    • Number of charging points
  3. Location:
    • Urban areas (higher real estate costs)
    • Rural areas (lower real estate costs)
    • Proximity to electrical infrastructure
  4. Infrastructure requirements:
    • Grid connections
    • Transformers
    • Civil works (foundations, shelters, etc.)
    • Signage and lighting
    • Payment systems and software

List of factors affecting the cost: type of station, capacity, location, infrastructure requirements

EV Charging Station Cost Factors

EV Charging Station Cost Factors

Factor Impact on Cost Cost Range (INR)
Type of Station - AC: Lower cost
- DC: Higher cost
- Battery swapping: Moderate cost
- AC: ₹20,000 - ₹50,000
- DC: ₹1,00,000 - ₹5,00,000
- Battery swapping: ₹50,000 - ₹2,00,000
Capacity - Higher charging power and more charging points lead to higher costs - Per kW: ₹20,000 - ₹1,00,000
- Per charging point: ₹50,000 - ₹2,00,000
Location - Urban areas: Higher costs
- Rural areas: Lower costs
- Urban: ₹2,00,000 - ₹10,00,000
- Rural: ₹50,000 - ₹5,00,000
Infrastructure Requirements - Grid connections, transformers, civil works, signage, lighting, and payment systems contribute to overall costs - Grid upgrades: ₹1,00,000 - ₹5,00,000
- Transformers: ₹1,00,000 - ₹10,00,000
- Civil works: ₹50,000 - ₹5,00,000
- Signage and lighting: ₹20,000 - ₹1,00,000
- Payment systems and software: ₹50,000 - ₹2,00,000

Electricity tariffs and measures to keep operational expenses in check

Electricity tariffs impact the operational expenses of EV charging stations in India significantly with rates varying from ₹5 to ₹15 per kWh across states. To manage costs effectively, operators can:

  • Negotiate special tariffs with electricity providers
  • Utilize renewable energy sources like solar panels
  • Optimize energy consumption through efficient equipment and smart management systems
  • Implement time-of-day pricing to encourage off-peak charging By adopting these measures, EV charging station operators can maintain profitability while offering affordable charging services to their customers.

Now that we've laid down the costs and challenges, let's peer into the crystal ball and see what the future holds for EV charging stations in India.

Market growth prediction, government support, and technological advancements

Market growth prediction, government support, and technological advancements: The Indian EV charging infrastructure market is poised for significant growth, driven by strong government support and rapid technological advancements. Favorable policies, increasing EV adoption, and the development of more efficient and affordable charging solutions will fuel the market's expansion in the coming years.

As the EV charging market continues to grow, staying ahead with cutting-edge technology and reliable infrastructure is key. Partnering with Pulse Energy can ensure your EV charging station is equipped for the future with advanced monitoring, management, and operational capabilities.

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