Exploring EV Charging Stations in Kerala

Exploring EV Charging Stations in Kerala

Explore the growing infrastructure of EV charging stations in Kerala, driving the shift towards sustainable transportation.

Have you ever heard about the lush green beauty of Kerala? Also known as God's own country, Kerala is all about misty hills, calm backwaters, lush fields and dense forests with throbbing wildlife!

Embracing electric vehicles (EVs) in such a pristine environment can help preserve this natural beauty for future generations.
Exploring Electric Car EV Charging Stations in Kerala can be an exciting journey, offering a glimpse into the state's commitment to sustainable mobility and its lush natural beauty. As Kerala embraces electric vehicles, discovering its EV charging infrastructure reveals a progressive step towards preserving its environment and enhancing the travel experience for residents and tourists alike.

Introduction

Kerala is rapidly becoming a prime hub for business and investment, positioning itself as an ideal location to tap into the vast opportunities offered by one of India's most vibrant and dynamic states.

According to the HinduBusiness, EV penetration in Kerala increased to 5.2 per cent in FY24. Kerala has seen an exponential growth in the EV Market. Parivahan data for the first three months of 2024 reveals that about 20,000 electric vehicles were registered in the state. 

Let’s dive into the Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging in Kerala more specifically on Cars and know more about the same. 

Kerala's Role in Promoting EV Adoption

Kerala has emerged as India's leading state in electric vehicle (EV) adoption, surpassing Karnataka and Delhi in FY24. The state's success is attributed to its EV policy, offering incentives like free registration, road tax exemption, toll exemption, and free parking. 

Kerala's electric two-wheeler segment witnessed significant growth, with penetration reaching 13.5% in FY24 compared to 8.4% in the previous fiscal year. Although total sales numbers are lower compared to other states, Kerala's achievement in crossing double-digit growth in electric two-wheeler penetration is a significant milestone for the state and the country.

Government and Startup Initiatives for EV Infrastructure

The Kerala Government is initiating several policies and startup initiatives to enhance the market's infrastructure for EVs. They are as follows-

  1. EV Policy: Kerala's EV policy, launched in 2019, offers incentives like free vehicle registration, road tax exemption, toll exemption, and free parking to promote EV adoption.
  2. Charging Infrastructure: The government is investing in setting up EV charging stations across the state to support the growing number of electric vehicles.
  3. Startup Support: Kerala Startup Mission (KSUM) provides support and incentives to startups working on EV-related technologies, encouraging innovation in the sector.
  4. Public Transport: The government is promoting the use of electric buses in public transport to reduce carbon emissions and promote sustainable transportation.
  5. Awareness Campaigns: Various awareness campaigns and workshops are conducted to educate the public about the benefits of EVs and the importance of sustainable mobility.

Advantages of EV Charging Stations in Kerala

There are several advantages that an EV Charging station setup in Kerala can bring to the table. 

  1. Environmental Impact: Reduce air and noise pollution, contributing to cleaner and quieter cities.
  2. Economic Benefits: Lower fuel costs and maintenance expenses, saving money for vehicle owners.
  3. Health Benefits: Improve air quality, leading to better respiratory health for residents.
  4. Tourism Promotion: Attract eco-conscious tourists who prefer destinations with sustainable transportation options.
  5. Job Creation: Generate employment opportunities in the EV industry, supporting local economic growth.

Convenience for EV Owners

In Kerala, the growing network of EV charging stations enhances convenience for electric vehicle (EV) owners. With easier access to charging facilities, EV owners can confidently travel around the state, knowing they can quickly recharge their vehicles when needed, promoting a seamless and hassle-free experience.

Reduced Pollution and Environmental Benefits

The establishment of EV charging stations in Kerala has led to reduced pollution and environmental benefits. With more electric vehicles on the roads, there is a decrease in harmful emissions, contributing to cleaner air and a healthier environment. This shift towards sustainable transportation aligns with Kerala's commitment to environmental conservation and sustainable development. 

This has also made the locals of kerala think about how they can keep their lush green world sustainable for a longer time! 

Economic Benefits and Job Creation

The setup of EV charging stations in Kerala has brought economic benefits and job creation. The increased adoption of electric vehicles has reduced the dependency on fossil fuels, leading to cost savings for consumers. Additionally, the establishment and maintenance of charging infrastructure have created job opportunities in the EV sector, including roles in installation, maintenance, and management of charging stations. This development aligns with Kerala's goal of promoting sustainable mobility and boosting the local economy.

Types of EV Charging Stations in Kerala

Let’s briefly understand the most common types of charging stations available in Kerala. 

  • Slow Charging: Typically used for overnight charging, providing a full charge in 6-8 hours.
  • Fast Charging: Offers quicker charging times, typically around 2-4 hours for a full charge.
  • DC Fast Charging: Provides rapid charging, capable of charging an EV to 80% in approximately 30 minutes.
  • Public Charging Stations: Available in public areas like parking lots, shopping centers, and highways for convenient access.
  • Home Charging Stations: Installed at residences for overnight charging, offering convenience to EV owners.

Implementing Pulse Energy's remote monitoring servers can optimize operations across both public and private charging stations, ensuring a seamless charging experience for all

Public vs. Private EV Charging Stations

The table below shows a brief comparison of Public vs Private EV Charging Stations commonly seen in Kerala. Let’s dive into it and take a look at that!

Charging Stations Comparison
Aspect Public Charging Stations Private Charging Stations
Accessibility Accessible to the public Restricted to property owners or employees
Availability Widely available, especially in urban areas and along highways Limited availability, dependent on property location
Cost Variable, including free, pay-per-use, or subscription-based Lower cost for the owner, primarily for personal or business use
Charging Speed Offers fast and rapid charging options May provide slower charging speeds
Infrastructure Requires extensive infrastructure and maintenance Simpler in design and maintenance

Fast Charging (DC) Stations

Fast Charging (DC) stations in Kerala offer rapid charging capabilities, allowing EVs to reach 80% charge in about 30 minutes. These stations are strategically located in key areas, providing convenient access to fast charging for electric vehicle owners across the state.

Slow Charging (AC) Stations

Slow Charging (AC) stations in Kerala provide a full charge to electric vehicles in 6-8 hours, making them ideal for overnight charging. These stations are commonly found in residential areas and workplaces, offering a convenient and cost-effective charging solution for EV owners.

User Experience and Cost Variance

User experience is vital for customer satisfaction, loyalty, and business success, influencing repeat business, referrals, and brand reputation.

  • EV owners in Kerala experience improved convenience with the growing network of charging stations.
  • Easy access to charging facilities enhances the overall EV ownership experience.
  • The availability of charging infrastructure promotes confidence in EV adoption.

Let’s also take a look at the Cost Variance also. 

  • The cost of charging an EV in Kerala varies depending on the type of charger and the electricity tariff.
  • Slow chargers are more cost-effective but take longer to charge compared to fast chargers, which are more expensive per unit of energy.
  • Public charging stations may have different pricing models, such as pay-per-use or subscription-based, affecting the overall cost for EV owners.

List of EV Charging Stations in Kerala

KSEBL has established DC fast charging stations for four-wheelers and pole-mounted charging stations for auto-rickshaws and two-wheelers in Kerala, aligning with the EV policy 2019. 

Initially facing profitability challenges due to limited electric vehicle adoption, KSEBL strategically placed these stations on its premises to accelerate the state's charging infrastructure development as per government guidelines.

The table below gives the District-wise Availability and also the Specific Locations and Their Features in Kerala.

Charging Stations by District
District Location Features
Thiruvananthapuram Technopark Multiple charging points, 24/7 availability.
Kollam KSRTC Bus Stand Slow and fast charging options, parking facilities.
Alappuzha Alappuzha Beach Scenic location, slow charging facilities.
Kottayam Nagampadam Stadium Fast charging, nearby amenities.
Idukki Munnar Tourist spot, slow charging available.
Ernakulam Lulu Mall Fast charging, shopping and dining options.
Thrissur Vadakkumnathan Temple Historical site, slow charging points.
Palakkad Malampuzha Dam Tourist attraction, limited charging facilities.
Malappuram Kottakkunnu Park Slow charging, park amenities.
Kozhikode Kozhikode Beach Scenic location, fast charging available.
Wayanad Kalpetta Slow charging, picturesque surroundings.
Kannur Payyambalam Beach Slow and fast charging options, beach access.
Kasaragod Bekal Fort Tourist spot, limited charging facilities.


This information is an approximation of the availability of EV Charging stations to show the demand in Kerala. The numbers are changing rapidly and are varying on a regular basis. 

Cost of Using EV Charging Stations

The cost of using EV Charging stations in Kerala is dependent on several operational costs, installation costs and other additional expenses. The details below give a brief of the overall cost of setting up an EV Charging station in Kerala.

Here's an approximate cost breakdown of using EV charging stations in Kerala:

  1. Electricity Cost: The average electricity cost in Kerala is around ₹7 to ₹8 per kWh.
  2. Charging Time: Slow chargers (AC) may cost around ₹150 to ₹200 for a full charge, taking 6-8 hours. Fast chargers (DC) may cost around ₹400 to ₹500 for an 80% charge in 30 minutes.
  3. Charging Station Fees: Public charging stations may have a fee of ₹50 to ₹100 per hour or per charging session.
  4. Membership or Subscription Fees: Some networks may require a membership fee of ₹500 to ₹1000 per month for access to their charging stations.

Note - These prices may vary according to the location and other additional costs involved. The above prices are a range of approximations that we can consider before investing in setting up an EV Charging Station.

Variability Based on Charger Type and Station Ownership

The cost of using EV charging stations in Kerala can vary based on the charger type and station ownership also. Let’s take a look at that! 

  1. Charger Type:
    • Slow Chargers (AC): These are typically cheaper per unit of energy but take longer to charge. Costs may range from ₹150 to ₹200 for a full charge.
    • Fast Chargers (DC): These are more expensive per unit of energy but charge the vehicle faster. Costs may range from ₹400 to ₹500 for an 80% charge.
  2. Station Ownership:
    • Public Charging Stations: These may have varying pricing models, such as pay-per-use or subscription-based. Costs can range from ₹50 to ₹100 per hour or per charging session.
    • Private Charging Stations: Some locations may offer free charging, especially for customers or employees, while others may have a fixed fee per charge.

It's advisable to check with individual charging stations for specific pricing details.

Tariff per Unit and Prepaid Plans

In Kerala, the tariff per unit of electricity for EV charging stations typically ranges from ₹6 to ₹10 per kWh, depending on the provider and location. Some charging stations may offer prepaid plans or memberships with discounted rates for regular users. These plans can vary widely in terms of cost and benefits, so it's advisable to inquire directly with the charging station or network for specific details.

Cost-Determination Factors

In Kerala, the cost of using EV charging stations is determined by several factors:

  1. Electricity Tariffs: The cost of electricity per unit (kWh) set by the local electricity board or provider.
  2. Charger Type: The type of charger used (slow AC charger, fast DC charger) and its associated pricing structure.
  3. Charging Time: The duration of charging required for the vehicle, which affects the total cost.
  4. Station Ownership: Whether the charging station is public or private, as ownership can impact pricing models and fees.
  5. Membership or Subscription: Any membership or subscription fees required to access discounted charging rates.
  6. Location: The geographical location of the charging station may also influence pricing due to variations in electricity tariffs and operating costs.

Operational Charging Stations in Kochi

There are several operational EV charging stations in Kochi, providing convenient access to electric vehicle owners. These stations are strategically located across the city to cater to the growing demand for EV charging infrastructure

Tata Power and CESL Station Details

Tata Power, India’s largest integrated power company, announced receiving a Letter of Award from Kerala State Electricity Board Limited (KSEBL) on 6th January 2021 to develop a 110 MW solar project.
Tata Power and CESL (Convergence Energy Services Limited) have set up EV charging stations in Kerala. These stations are part of their efforts to promote electric vehicle adoption and sustainable mobility in the state.

CESL(Convergence Energy Services Limited) announced that the central government’s subsidy programme Fame II would allow all vehicles to benefit, giving customers access to a significant subsidy that brings the cost of EVs closer to their fossil fuel equivalents. This provides around 30,000 EVs in Kerala. 

KSEBL, Incheon Kia, and Cherthala South Stations

KSEB, Incheon Kia, and Cherthala South have set up EV charging stations in Kerala, promoting sustainable mobility and electric vehicles.

  1. KSEB (Kerala State Electricity Board) Stations: KSEB has set up EV charging stations in Kerala, contributing to the state's EV infrastructure. These stations are strategically located to provide convenient charging options for electric vehicle owners across the state.
  2. Incheon Kia Stations: Incheon Kia, a prominent player in the automotive industry, has established EV charging stations in Kerala. These stations are part of their commitment to promoting sustainable mobility and supporting the growth of the EV ecosystem in the state.
  3. Cherthala South Stations: Cherthala South has operational EV charging stations, providing a convenient charging solution for electric vehicle owners in the region. These stations are strategically located to ensure accessibility and promote the adoption of electric vehicles in Kerala.

Challenges in Deploying Charging Stations

The below listed challenges are some of the reasons for deployment in Charging Stations. Let’s take a look at that:

  1. Infrastructure: Limited infrastructure and availability of suitable locations for charging stations.
  2. Grid Capacity: Ensuring grid capacity is sufficient to support the increased demand from charging stations.
  3. Cost: High initial investment and operational costs for setting up and maintaining charging stations.
  4. Regulations: Navigating complex regulations and approvals for installing charging stations.
  5. Awareness: Lack of awareness among the public about the benefits of electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.
  6. Interoperability: Ensuring interoperability between different charging networks and EV models.

Ensuring Reliable Power Supply

Ensuring reliable power supply for EV charging stations in Kerala is crucial. This involves upgrading grid infrastructure, implementing smart charging solutions, and integrating renewable energy sources to meet the growing demand for electricity in a sustainable and reliable manner.

Navigating Location Availability Issues

Navigating location availability issues for EV charging stations in Kerala requires strategic planning and collaboration with local authorities. Identifying suitable locations that are easily accessible and have sufficient power supply is essential for deploying an effective charging infrastructure across the state

Educating Users on EV Charging

Educating users on EV charging in Kerala is vital to promote awareness and adoption. Providing information on charging options, benefits of EVs, and how to use charging stations can help address misconceptions and encourage more people to switch to electric vehicles.

Strategies for Improved Charging Infrastructure

To improve charging infrastructure in Kerala, strategies could be implemented, such as: 

  1. Strategic Placement: Identifying high-demand areas and installing charging stations strategically.
  2. Fast Charging: Introducing fast-charging stations for quick and convenient charging.
  3. Public-Private Partnerships: Collaborating with private entities to expand the charging network.
  4. Standardization: Ensuring compatibility and standardization of charging equipment.
  5. Awareness Campaigns: Educating the public about EVs and charging infrastructure benefits.
  6. Government Support: Providing incentives and subsidies to encourage investment in charging infrastructure.

Investment in Charging Technology: 

Investing in advanced charging technology to enhance charging speed, efficiency, and user experience for EV owners in Kerala.

Incentives for Private EV Charging Station Setup:

Offering incentives and subsidies to encourage private individuals and businesses to set up EV charging stations in Kerala.

Partnerships with Businesses for Charging Access: 

Collaborating with businesses to provide charging access, increasing the availability and accessibility of charging stations for EV owners in Kerala.

GO EC Autotech's Charging Station Initiatives

GO EC Autotech's initiatives in Kerala include establishing EV charging stations to support the state's growing electric vehicle ecosystem. These stations aim to provide convenient and accessible charging options for EV owners, contributing to the sustainable transportation infrastructure in Kerala.

Plans to Install EV Charging Stations Nationwide: 

The company aims to install EV charging stations across the country, contributing to the development of a comprehensive charging infrastructure for electric vehicles.

Operational Successes and Expansion Plans:

GO EC Autotech has been successful in its operational endeavors and plans to further expand its charging network to meet the growing demand for EV charging services.

Addressing Inadequate Charging Infrastructure: 

GO EC Autotech is actively addressing the issue of inadequate charging infrastructure by establishing more charging stations, ensuring convenient access for EV owners.

Companies like GO EC Autotech and Pulse Energy are at the forefront of transforming Kerala's EV landscape through innovative charging solutions and robust management systems, underscoring the importance of technical excellence in driving sustainable mobility.

Future of EV Charging Stations in Kerala

Investment in EV Infrastructure: 

The increased investment in EV infrastructure signifies a positive shift towards sustainable transportation. It includes the development of charging stations, battery technologies, and grid enhancements to support the growing demand for electric vehicles.

Expectation of EV Adoption Growth: 

There is a strong expectation of significant growth in EV adoption in the coming years. This growth is fueled by advancements in EV technology, increasing environmental consciousness, and favorable government policies promoting electric vehicles.

Government and Private Sector Collaboration: 

Collaboration between the government and private sector is crucial for the successful implementation of EV infrastructure. This partnership can lead to the development of innovative solutions, efficient policies, and enhanced infrastructure to support the widespread adoption of electric vehicles.

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